How are we Judged? We are judged according to our good and bad deeds with great consideration to our intentions. Faith in God is essential for people who are well exposed to the Bible and Quran. For those who are not have the access or exposure they will be judged likely according to the good and bad deeds which in most part are international. A lot of good deeds may not count or paid back only in earthy life if we do not give the intention to God for people of the Bible and Quran. The more sincere in our intention is the more we get higher grades to our deeds. If a man is purely doing charity for his own glory and get people to praise him it counts much less or may not count for God. If he is doing that for the common good he ought to direct it to God, who is the ultimate good. Giving the intention to Jesus and not God had strongly angered God in the Quran (do not shout the messenger). However, Jesus in a Quranic verse will ask God his mercy for that at that day of judgment. Few years from now we all will share one truth. Thus intention is very important and gives the real heart for our actions. So we should not let our actions go in vain by not directing our intentions to God. The steps of judgment are:
Step 1: Recording every word and every act to man in first life:
50:17 Behold, two (guardian angels) appointed to learn (his doings) learn (and noted them), one sitting on the right and one on the left. إِذْ يَتَلَقَّى الْمُتَلَقِّيَانِ عَنِ الْيَمِينِ وَعَنِ الشِّمَالِ قَعِيدٌ
50:18 Not a word does he utter but there is a sentinel by him, ready (to note it). مَا يَلْفِظُ مِن قَوْلٍ إِلَّا لَدَيْهِ رَقِيبٌ عَتِيدٌ
45:29 "This Our Record speaks about you with truth: For We were wont to put on Record all that ye did." هَذَا كِتَابُنَا يَنطِقُ عَلَيْكُم بِالْحَقِّ إِنَّا كُنَّا نَسْتَنسِخُ مَا
Step 2: Death and the exit of the soul:
6:61 He is the irresistible, (watching) from above over His worshippers, and He sets guardians over you. At length, when death approaches one of you, Our angels take his soul, and they never fail in their duty. وَهُوَ الْقَاهِرُ فَوْقَ عِبَادِهِ وَيُرْسِلُ عَلَيْكُم حَفَظَةً حَتَّىَ إِذَا جَاء أَحَدَكُمُ الْمَوْتُ تَوَفَّتْهُ رُسُلُنَا وَهُمْ لاَ يُفَرِّطُونَ
Step 3: Judgment soon after death in grave:
"Punishment of the Grave is a true fact. The servant will be questioned about his Religion and his Lord....". This is ijmaa(consensus) in Islam from the Companions of the Prophet(saw). Though I did not come across a clear verse from the Quran, the hadith support the fact of a preliminary judgment in the grave. From grave until day of resurrection man will be in spirit.
Step 4: Judgment at the day of resurrection
A- Man will find every thing recorded:
99:6 On that Day will men proceed in companies sorted out, to be shown the deeds that they (had done). يَوْمَئِذٍ يَصْدُرُ النَّاسُ أَشْتَاتًا لِّيُرَوْا أَعْمَالَهُمْ
99:7 Then shall anyone who has done an atom's weight of good, see it! فَمَن يَعْمَلْ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ خَيْرًا يَرَهُ
99:8 And anyone who has done an atom's weight of evil, shall see it.
وَمَن يَعْمَلْ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ شَرًّا يَرَهُ
B- He will receive his record according to his deeds:
69:19 Then he that will be given his Record in his right hand will say: "Ah here! Read ye my Record! فَأَمَّا مَنْ أُوتِيَ كِتَابَهُ بِيَمِينِهِ فَيَقُولُ هَاؤُمُ اقْرَؤُوا كِتَابِيهْ
69:20 "I did really understand that my Account would (One Day) reach me!"
إِنِّي ظَنَنتُ أَنِّي مُلَاقٍ حِسَابِيهْ
69:25 And he that will be given his Record in his left hand, will say: "Ah! Would that my Record had not been given to me! وَأَمَّا مَنْ أُوتِيَ كِتَابَهُ بِشِمَالِهِ فَيَقُولُ يَا لَيْتَنِي لَمْ أُوتَ كِتَابِيهْ
69:26 "And that I had never realized how my account (stood)!
وَلَمْ أَدْرِ مَا حِسَابِيهْ
Step 5: Heaven or hell in eternal life:
4:124 If any do deeds of righteousness,- be they male or female - and have faith, they will enter heaven, and not the least injustice will be done to them. وَمَن يَعْمَلْ مِنَ الصَّالِحَاتَ مِن ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنثَى وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَأُوْلَـئِكَ يَدْخُلُونَ الْجَنَّةَ وَلاَ يُظْلَمُونَ نَقِيرًا
20:74 Verily he who comes to his Lord as a sinner (at Judgment),- for him is hell: therein shall he neither die nor live. إِنَّهُ مَن يَأْتِ رَبَّهُ مُجْرِمًا فَإِنَّ لَهُ جَهَنَّمَ لَا يَمُوتُ فِيهَا وَلَا يَحْيى
Verses are collected from www.islamicity.com